Friday, March 8, 2013

USING EGG INCUBATORS TO HATCH CHICKENS



CHOOSING THE RIGHT EGGS
First, you should consider the chickens responsible for fertilizing and laying the eggs. The eggs should come from healthy adult chickens that have a high fertility percentage, were not disturbed during mating season, were fed on a good diet, and are not related to each other.
Examine the eggs. They should also be of a regular shape and average size, not larger or smaller than a typical egg produced by your chickens. Their shells should display no holes or cracks because such damage could encourage disease organisms to penetrate the egg. With this same concern in mind, you should not wash or wipe the egg, as you could remove the egg's natural protective coating that guards against such organisms.
The eggs should also be cared for correctly before incubation. This will help ensure a productive hatch. To care for the chicken eggs:
  • Store eggs in a cool, humid area, ideally 12.1 Degrees Centigrade with 75% humidity.
  • Store eggs with the large end up.
  • Turn eggs daily, use an X and 0 marking system to keep track.
  • Eggs can be stored for up 10 seven days.
  • Allow cool eggs to warm up to the ambient temperature where the egg incubator is located before putting them into the incubator.
USING THE EGG INCUBATOR
Using an egg incubator correctly will ensure the best possible success rate when hatching chicken eggs.
When hatching chickens, once the best eggs have been selected, the next step is to incubate the eggs.
An incubator is a device the mimics the environment chicken eggs would experience under a hen. The incubator keeps the eggs uniformly moist and warm, the most important conditions to consider when hatching chicken eggs. Maintaining the proper conditions within the incubator will increase the number of eggs that will actually hatch after the incubation period, about 21 days.
Proper Incubator Conditions for Chicken Eggs
When an incubator is purchased, it will come with instructions. However, knowing what conditions are ideal beforehand will help guarantee successful hatching. Temperature and humidity must be monitored daily. When setting up the incubator, the following steps should be taken before placing the eggs inside:
1. The incubator should be turned on' and brought up to temperature at least 24 hours prior to adding eggs. The incubator should be kept at around 37.6 degrees Centigrade.
2. For days 1-18, the air should be about 58-60% humid. After day 18, the humidity should be raised to 65%.You may use a Hygrometer placed inside the incubator to measure the humidity.
Chicken Egg Incubation Days 1-18
After the incubator has reached the proper temperature and humidity levels, place the eggs inside.
Besides keeping steady temperature and humidity, the most important thing to do when the chicken eggs are incubating is to turn them daily for the first eighteen days. Turning the eggs makes sure the chicks do not stick to the membrane on the side of the egg wall as they develop. If they do get stuck, they could be deformed or could drown in the liquid inside the egg when hatching. Ideally, they should be turned four to six times a day, but two to three times works well. It is best to turn them an odd number of times a day.
Mark an X on one side of all of the eggs, and an 0 on the other side to easily see which eggs need to be turned. When turning the eggs, use only clean hands to avoid infecting the eggs.
Chicken Egg Incubation after Day 18
On day eighteen of the incubation period the egg turning of the eggs should stop. Turning the eggs after eighteen days could inure the chicks.
At this point, the humidity of the incubator should be raised. The lid of the incubator should then be closed and the eggs should not be touched for the rest of the incubation period.
While waiting for the eggs to begin to hatch, the brooder box should be prepared to house the chicks until they are old enough to be outside on their own. A cardboard box lined with either newspapers or sawdust will work well. A heat lamp should be set up to shine directly into the box. The best temperature to keep the brooder box is 35 degrees Centigrade.
The chicks will begin to peep inside the eggs at about day twenty-one. It could take them up to 24 hours to fully hatch. During this time, the chicks will pull the egg yolk into their stomachs. Do not help the chicks out of their shells because the yolk could break, causing them to bleed to death. After a chick is fully hatched, let it dry completely in the incubator before removing it and placing it in the brooder box. It will most likely take several days for all of the eggs to hatch. Plan to open the incubator only once a day to remove dry chicks to avoid chilling the ones that are still damp. They will not starve to death if they remain in the incubator for a day because the yolk sustains them for three days.
After day 25, if there are still eggs that have not hatched, they should be removed and thrown away. The eggs were either unfertile or the chicks died before they could hatch. Before reusing the incubator it should be thoroughly cleaned and dried.

5 comments:

James Charly said...

When you decide to hatch eggs without a hen, it is always important to check its quality and fertility. Thanks for sharing the information on using egg incubator to hatch chicken.

Sirajul Munir said...

Je upo wapi unapatikana nahitaji kuja kukuona for ushauri wa kina kuhusu incubator

Ecochicks Kuku said...

Ecochicks Poultry provides different varieties of eggs incubators
60-eggs chicken incubator Ksh 15,000
48- egg chicken incubator Ksh 25,000
264-egg poultry incubator Ksh 80,000
The machines are electric with digital controls for temperature, humidity and ventilation. They have LED control panels with an option to use solar as a back-up.

0707787884 info@ecochicks.co.ke www.ecochicks.co.ke

Matthew Rodriguez said...

Building a homemade egg incubatoris the one I want to pursue in doing business. I think this will help me earn money that would provide to my daily needs.

emon said...

I don't have an incubator but sometimes think about getting one. So far I have relied on the chooks, ducks and turkeys to do it themselves and it generally works well.